Art Of Sculpture
A sculpture is technically any piece of three dimensional artwork. Sculptures can be made from a variety
of different materials and can depict a wide range of subjects. There are five main types of sculptures.
ReliefA relief is a sculpture that is still attached to a background. Typically
reliefs appear as sculpture that is used to decorate a building and are attached to the walls or ceiling of the
building. Many Greek temples and Roman churches have reliefs as the primary decoration. A relief is also sometimes
called a Bas-Relief.
Kinetic sculptureKinetic sculpture captures physical motion in sculpture or
needs to have physical movement in order to be complete. A good example of kinetic sculptures are modern sculptures
that are made of moving parts and need wind or another power source to provide movement. The movement can also
create sounds or they can flash light off in different directions. Without the movement the effect isn’t the
The best examples of Kinetic sculptures can be seen every year in Baltimore, MD where the Almost
Famous Annual East Coast National Championship Kinetic Sculpture Race is held. This race consists of human driven
sculptures racing through the city streets.
FountainAny sculpture that has been designed to hold standing or running water as a
part of the sculpture is considered a fountain. Usually, fountain sculptures are used to decorate the garden, which
you will find more information here.
StatueStatues are the oldest form of sculpture art. Ancient statues were used as
tributes but also to illustrate lessons from the Bible and other holy books to serve as an example to people of how
they should live.
Busts are factual depictions of actual people sculpted from the waist up. Busts were very popular as
funerary tributes in the Ancient world and in Medieval Europe. They are less popular today but still can be seen as
formal tributes to dignitaries. For instance, Washington DC has many busts of the founding fathers.